Electric Cars: Did You Know?
Electric Vehicles and the technology to run them is fascinating. Here are some fun facts about EVs:
- Roughly 96% of EV owners told AAA they would buy or lease another one.
- By federal mandate, automakers must warranty their EV traction batteries for at least 8 years or 100,000 miles.
- 75% of EV charging is done in the home.
- There are 45,304 charging stations with a total of 111,477 ports in the US; WA = 1,569, OR = 895, CA = 13,496, ID = 103 (Nov. 8, 2021)
- EV sales have increased 119% compared to last year. In the first five months of this year, 204,012 EVs were sold, compared to 93,081 in 2020.
- Electric motors are a lot more efficient than gas motors! They can use up to 85% of energy received to turn the wheels of a car, while a gas engine can use 40%.
- AAA predicts that electric vehicles will make up 25% of vehicles in operation around 2040.
- The cost of used EVs has climbed 17.5% since March 2021, but 50% of used EVs are under $25,000. (Recurrent)
- To date, at least 13 states—California, Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, and Washington—plus the District of Columbia have adopted California’s low-emission vehicle (LEV) and zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standards requiring manufacturers to sell a certain number of ZEVs per year. (NCSL)
All About Batteries
- Electric vehicles typically have two battery systems: a 12-volt battery and a traction battery. Simply put, the 12-volt battery is similar to that in a conventional car and powers the vehicle’s keyless entry, security system and provides the energy needed to “wake up” the EV’s computer control system when the switch is turned on; and at the heart of every EV is a high-voltage traction battery pack that powers the electric motor that propels the car down the road.
- The EV traction battery is a lithium-ion design that has much greater energy density, albeit at a significantly higher cost. Battery replacement is expected to cost from $2,500 to over $10,000, depending on the vehicle.
- Odometer is just a number: for used EVs, the odometer matters much less than you’re used to! How the battery was charged, stored and used is way more important.
—Writtten by Jennifer Cook
—Top image by Daisy/AdobeStock